International CuisineFrom Greece with Love: How to Make Traditional Moussaka

From Greece with Love: How to Make Traditional Moussaka

Moussaka is a beloved traditional Greek dish that’s as comforting as it is delicious. Layers of eggplant, potato, and seasoned ground meat, topped with a creamy béchamel sauce, come together to create a hearty and satisfying meal. In this article, we’ll explore the art of making authentic moussaka that will transport your taste buds to the sunny shores of Greece.

The Essence of Moussaka

Moussaka is a quintessential Greek comfort food, often enjoyed at family gatherings, holidays, and special occasions. While there are many variations of moussaka across Greece and the Mediterranean region, the basic elements remain the same: layers of vegetables, meat, and sauce, baked to perfection until golden and bubbling.


  • 2 large eggplants, sliced lengthwise
  • 2 large potatoes, peeled and sliced into rounds
  • 1 pound ground lamb or beef
  • 1 onion, finely chopped
  • 2 cloves garlic, minced
  • 1 can (14 ounces) diced tomatoes
  • 1 teaspoon dried oregano
  • 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon
  • Salt and pepper to taste
  • 1 cup grated Parmesan cheese

For the Béchamel Sauce:

  • 4 tablespoons unsalted butter
  • 1/4 cup all-purpose flour
  • 2 cups whole milk
  • 1/4 teaspoon ground nutmeg
  • Salt and pepper to taste
  • 2 eggs, beaten


  1. Preheat your oven to 375°F (190°C).
  2. Place the sliced eggplant and potato rounds on a baking sheet lined with parchment paper. Drizzle with olive oil and season with salt and pepper. Roast in the preheated oven for 20-25 minutes, or until golden and tender.
  3. In a large skillet, heat olive oil over medium heat. Add the chopped onion and garlic, and cook until softened and fragrant, about 5 minutes.
  4. Add the ground meat to the skillet and cook until browned, breaking it up with a spoon as it cooks.
  5. Stir in the diced tomatoes, dried oregano, ground cinnamon, salt, and pepper. Simmer for 10-15 minutes, allowing the flavors to meld together.
  6. While the meat sauce is simmering, prepare the béchamel sauce. In a saucepan, melt the butter over medium heat. Whisk in the flour to create a roux, and cook for 1-2 minutes until lightly golden.
  7. Gradually whisk in the milk, nutmeg, salt, and pepper. Cook, stirring constantly, until the sauce thickens and coats the back of a spoon.
  8. Remove the saucepan from the heat and gradually whisk in the beaten eggs, tempering them to prevent curdling.
  9. To assemble the moussaka, layer the roasted eggplant and potato slices in the bottom of a greased baking dish. Top with the meat sauce, spreading it evenly over the vegetables.
  10. Pour the béchamel sauce over the meat layer, spreading it out with a spatula.
  11. Sprinkle the grated Parmesan cheese over the top of the moussaka.
  12. Bake in the preheated oven for 45-50 minutes, or until the top is golden brown and bubbling.
  13. Allow the moussaka to cool for a few minutes before slicing and serving.

Enjoy this traditional Greek moussaka with a crisp Greek salad and crusty bread for a truly authentic Mediterranean feast.


Moussaka is a timeless Greek classic that never fails to impress with its layers of flavor and hearty textures. By following this authentic recipe, you’ll be able to recreate the magic of Greece in your own kitchen and delight your family and friends with a taste of the Mediterranean. So channel your inner Greek chef, roll up your sleeves, and prepare to savor the rich flavors of traditional moussaka!

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